Explore this year’s theme of ‘Significance: History matters’ using primary sources from the National Archives of Australia.
Entries are accepted in all formats, however, they must be received, and will be judged, digitally. More details about accepted formats.
The National Archives of Australia has an extensive collection of Australian primary sources. Primary sources from the National Archives collection must be central to supporting your arguments, and referenced in your bibliography. You may also draw on primary sources from other collections, as well as secondary sources, to support your argument.
In considering your research for the category using primary sources, you may wish to research the following topic areas or identities. Alternatively, our Facts sheets and Learning Resources are a useful starting point for research.
- Boer war to Vietnam
- Wartime internment camps in Australia
- World War I
- For more information explore – World War I Army service records
- World War II war crimes (fact sheet number 61)
- The Vietnam War
- The Immigration Restriction Act and the White Australia policy
- For more information explore – The Immigration Restriction Act 1901
- Child migration
- Migrant accommodation camps
- Migration and multiculturalism
- For more information explore – ‘Populate or perish’: Australia’s postwar migration program
- Aboriginal petitions
- For more information explore – Larrakia petition to the Queen for land rights
- The 1967 referendum
- For more information explore – Referendums and changing Australia’s constitution
- Eddie Koiki Mabo and the Mabo Case for land rights
- First Australians’ land rights in the Northern Territory
- Royal Commission into Aboriginal deaths in custody
- Notable First Australians
- British nuclear tests at Maralinga
- Dispossession and revival of Indigenous languages
- Administration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs (fact sheet number 113)
- For more information explore – Commonwealth records about the Northern Territory (Aboriginal people of the Northern Territory pp 131 – 153)
- For more information explore –Walata tyamateetj: A guide to government records about Aboriginal people in Victoria
Australia’s prime ministers
- The dismissal of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam
- For more information explore – Gough Whitlam
- Prime Ministers and women’s rights
Health and welfare
Environment and nature
You may also choose to explore ‘Significance: History matters’ through your own topic selected from the National Archives’ collection.
Other research sites to explore:
- Most popular topics on the National Archives’ website
- Personal stories of immigration to Australia at Destination: Australia
- Explore records about Australians and new Zealanders in the Boer War and World War I at Discovering Anzacs
- Explore records on Learning Resources or RecordSearch
- Official documents and transcripts on the Documenting a Democracy website.
For further information about the competition, head to the National History Challenge website.
Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are a student or teacher who would like help using our collection. If you would like to use a record from the National Archives that is not available online, let us know so we can digitise it for you (up to 10 per student).
National Archives of Australia
National Office location:
Parkes ACT 2600
Our postal address:
PO Box 4924
Kingston ACT 2604
Phone: + 61 2 6212 3600